Federal law and administrative regulations limit technologies and materials that may be shared with non-U.S. citizens or non-permanent residents. These are overseen by the Departments of State, Commerce and Treasury.
- In general, technology with a military application must be licensed through the Department of State before it can be sent to restricted countries or disclosed to individuals from restricted countries.
- “Dual-use” technology is more problematic because it may have both civilian and military applications. The Commerce Control List maintained by the Department of Commerce describes the dual-use technologies that would require a license if sent or disclosed to non-U.S. citizens or non-permanent residents from restricted countries or who are on denied-persons status.
- The Office of Foreign Assets Control maintains a list of countries for which services may not be provided absent governmental permission.
The aforementioned lists are accessible through the Division of Research, Innovation, and Impact. Mentors of those postdoctoral scholars who are non-U.S. citizens or non-permanent residents are responsible for reviewing citizenship status, technology to be released to such postdoctoral scholars and compliance with all appropriate guidelines. The Office of Research serves as the point-of-contact for export control guidance. Call 573-882-3841 for export control questions.
Select agents are certain microbes or toxins that can make people, animals or plants sick. Possession of select agents is prohibited for individuals from those countries listed by the Department of State as “terrorist nations.” Therefore, postdoctoral scholars from Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan and Syria cannot work with any select agent on the list maintained by either the Centers for Disease Control or USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Mentors are responsible for ensuring that access to select agents is denied for all of the aforementioned postdoctoral scholars.